Evaluation and modification of performance-based charging system of Lübeck Port Authority

The port railway operated by LPA provides a network of 60 km of tracks. It connects the port terminals and several private sidings with the railway system of DB Netz AG, thereby ensuring a link between terminals, loading sites and the hinterland and providing additional dwell space in the port railway’s network.
The port railway’s capacity is mainly limited by the capacity of the highly utilized entry and exit tracks to the terminals and loading sites. Track utilization is regulated by classification of tracks in different categories. For every category distinctions are made between usage times free of charge and with costs.


Scope of the project

Analysis of traffic development since implementation of performance based charging system on January 01, 2012, concept of charge modification to generate an increased contribution margin and to react to changes in rail transport companies’ requirements, modelling of modifications and compilation of reasoned request for charge adjustments for the federal network agency.



Two years after implementation of the performance-based charging system, the project objective was to adapt charges to increased operating costs. Furthermore, incentives for rail transport companies to use tracks in an efficient way were to be increased. The analysis of train runs and dwell times on the port tracks showed their detailed development since the implementation of the charging system. In the second project phase, the expected development of revenues following a modification of fixed and variable charges was modelled. Following the decision in favor of one potential charge regime, the modifications were recorded and submitted to the federal network agency for approval.

Our services

  • Charge calculation and examination of the performance-based charging system’s functionality since its implementation.
  • Analysis of development of dwell times and train runs on the tracks of the port railway.
  • Identification of operational bottlenecks.
  • Concept of charge modifications and modeling of expected development of revenues.



Lübeck Port Authority
Lübeck, Deutschland







Rail and Intermodal Transport

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